Environment


James May, yes the one from top gear writes some good stuff now and then;

James May’s lost man skills

We may be dab hands at whipping up a cheese soufflé, but our tools lie unloved, gathering dust at the end of the garden. It’s time for men to get practical and create a new DIY boom Read More

Also worth a visit is the “Compendium of Useful Information” sometimes a bit apocalyptic, but most information is useful.

Then I came across this video from TED, where Richard Preston is talking about the ecosystem in giant Redwood trees.

Yesterday we picked up the 2 chickens, it ended up being 4 chickens with one where the femininity is disputed (the middle one of these three). The race is called Barnevelder, but we didn’t really got them because of a specific race. Barnevelders lay lots of eggs an if everything goes right we should have the first eggs in oktober.

In the mean time the chickens are busy eating, scratching an pooping, fertilizing the soil and helping us get rid of the weeds and food waste.

Seba is really happy with them, he keeps looking at them and feeding them. The dog however is not at all pleased.

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Does the boat tail work

The boat tail, is a simple tapered extension on a truck and saves 7,5% fuel. Considering that there is not much more efficiency gain on the internal combustion engine, 7,5 % is a lot.

The man who came up with this idea, Gandert van Raemdonck, says: “In the ideal situation the extension should be 10 meters long, but that wouldn’t be very practical”. It is still in testing phase and right now you couldn’t access the loading ramp or open the doors of the truck. All of this can be easily solved.

Another reason that makes this idea good is that it can be retro-fitted on existing trucks. And even more important, this idea will also save energy on future electric trucks.

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Well, does it work enough? some simple Maths!

 How much is 7,5% fuel reduction, sounds like a lot right?

In the Netherlands there where 19.800.000.000 (19,8 billion) road-freight km a year in 2006, that is a lot for a country that is only 350 km long and 200 wide.

Lets make this a more comprehensible figure. 19,8billion/365 = 54.246.575 km each day

54.246.575/24 = 2.260.273 km each hour.

2.260.273 / 60 = 37.671 km a minute, there is a figure that we can work with. That is just slightly less then 40.074 km which is the circumference of the earth.

So each minute in the Netherlands, trucks transporting stuff almost go around the earth!

After some research on the internet I found out that a “normal” truck uses about 26 litres of fuel for 100 km on long distance driving. So If the freight kilometres where driven with this “normal” truck then they would use 37.671/100*26 litres of fuel. That is 9794 litres of diesel each minute.

Now, diesel is more or less C16H34. Molecular mass is 16*12 + 34 = 226. 1 litre weighs 830 grams, that’s 3,67 mol. If you burn this it would give you 3,67 * 16 = 58.72 mol CO2. So per liter diesel that is 58,72*44=2.583g or 2,58 kg.

So 9794 * 2,58 = 25.269 kilos of CO2 each minute because of trucks in the Netherlands, that is 13.281.386.400 kg CO2 each year!

If we are talking about a 7,5% decrease of fuel consumption, (9794*0,925) * 2,58 = 23.373 kg of CO2, Almost 1896 kilos CO2 less each minute. Still 23.373kg/minute is a staggering figure.

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My conclusion.

Alltough a 7,5% decrease in fuel consumption is quite good, also because you can retrofit this on every truck in the world. I would say retro-fit every truck now.

According to the IPCC we would have reduce the GHG 80% of year 2000 level to sort of stay in the clear. So, it would not make enough difference in the larger scale of global warming. The only real way is to cut the transport down to 20% of 2000 level, and then, with the boat-tail you could drive 7,5% more then 80% of 2000.

Note

I assumed that all road freight km are done with trucks, but there are also vans and cars involved. They have a lot less fuel usage but also carry less freight. These are just kilometres driven, not tonnes transported, so efficiency of each type of transport is also not taken in account. It is very raw data.

These figures are for the Netherlands, a country the size of a post-stamp, imagine Germany, the U.K., France or U.S.

For the UK it is 156 billion ton/km in 2006. If a truck carries 10 tonnes it would be 15,6 billion km a year, assumed again that it is all truck and they are fully loaded.

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Here is  a nice video with Ray Mears giving a lecture for the University of Liverpool.